John 11 – covenant – taught by Pastor Don Moore
Notes from Bible study taught on 4/6/13
John 11:49-51 And one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all, nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and not that the whole nation should perish.” Now this he did not say on his own authority; but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation,
This occurs at the time of the Day of Atonement in Israel at the Jewish feast. Caiaphas was High Priest that year, not January – year began at Passover – Day of Atonement occurs around September/October. The Shekinah glory of God came and Caiaphas heard the prophetic Word, but misinterpreted it.
John 11:52 and not for that nation only, but also that He would gather together in one the children of God who were scattered abroad.
Caiaphas heard that Jesus would not only die for the nation of Jews but would also gather together, in one, the children of God scattered abroad.
John 11:53 Then, from that day on, they plotted to put Him to death.
This is what they interpreted the prophetic Word to mean, that they will bring the Word of God into reality. This prophecy does not indicate who or by whose hand this would be done. We must be careful when we interpret prophecy. If the interpretation comes from the flesh it will lead to error. God is sovereign. We don’t have to devise a plan to help God. We can observe the prophecy coming to pass, but it is not for us to help God.
For example, God came to Abraham and established a covenant, promising Abraham that he would have a son, an heir. Sara decided to help and set up a plan to have a child born through her maidservant, Hagar. She let her husband sleep with the maidservant, then after that Sara despised Hagar. – The child born from this mating, Ishmael, turned out to be a problem for the nation of Israel and God did not honor him as Abraham’s son.
There is a right way to interpret prophecy and a wrong way. The wrong way is letting the flesh interpret the prophecy that comes to us from the Spirit of the Lord. God is sovereign. If we act out of the flesh, we may act out of time (before God has all the pieces of the prophecy in order). God is speaking in the context of His concept of time. We interpret with man’s concept of time.
God may speak about something that will happen during the millennial reign and we interpret that what God is saying is going to occur next week.
Pastor Don shared that, from when he was a child, people in his father’s church would lay hands on Pastor Don and tell him, “Boy, you’re gonna preach.” Pastor Don told them, “Get your hands off of me. I’m not going to be in ministry, underpaid, overworked, etc.”
Today he is a pastor.
To interpret accurately we need to seek the spiritual interpretation.
In John, the prophecy says God will die for the nation and the children will be scattered about. The priests interpret it, “Let’s kill Him.”
God knows how to use the human mind to bring about prophetic results. If we are one, we bring the curse on the nation to destroy the nation.
Verse 53 is the foundational verse – from that day in October until Passover they plotted how to kill Jesus.
John 11:54 Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and there remained with His disciples.
The Jews were plotting out of their flesh. Jesus did not let the carnal mind of man determine the time and the season. As a child of God we must get in our heart the prophecies about us, the church, and the end times. We have to be a passive receiver of what God ordains, waiting for the next instructions to be delivered. We want to obey, to follow directions, and not take our own idea of what actions need to be done to make the prophecy come to pass.
Moses was told he was going to deliver the Israelites. In his flesh, he kills an Egyptian master, and this action causes him to delay his ministry for forty years. Moses spent forty years in the backside of the desert. Then God says, remember me? Now we’re ready to do the plan.
You must learn the next step. Abraham is told he is to go to a place God will tell him. Abraham loads the camel and waits for instruction. He did not know where God was going to lead him.
God is a God of Covenant. He is not the God of chance, nor will He let you determine the season. God is a covenant God.
Caiaphas is in Covenant with God. God gives him information. This would not happen in a vague relationship – Caiaphas was in a covenant relationship with God.
Why is God speaking to Caiaphas? Doesn’t God know Caiaphas was going to set in motion the crucifixion of the Lord? Why does God honor the Covenant relationship?
Abraham is the first example. In Genesis, Chapter 12. God makes a promise to Abram (later to be called Abraham). The foundation of covenant is the promise.
Marriage is a covenant relationship. The promise through agreement. This is what you bring to the relationship. This is what I bring. The two to be married agree on the promises and then form a covenant. They seal the covenant. We will fulfill the promises. That establishes a relationship.
A covenant is not formed on books or money – you enter into a covenant based on the promises given.
In Genesis 12 God promises Abram (Abraham) that God will make Abraham the Father of Nations. That he would bring forth the Messiah. God details blessings in Genesis Chapters 14, 16, 17.
Abraham asks how can this happen? Both he and Sara (his wife) are beyond childbearing age. Abraham is called righteous because he believes God’s promises. And God brings this to pass, so the Abrahamic covenant is for Abraham, his wife, his children, and the nation.
So Caiaphas is the High Priest, going into the Holy of Holies to minister to God, keeping the promise of the people – you are our God. On the High Holy Days there is a sacrifice – blood for the relationship, sealing the covenant. Blood and salt. The Jews respond and promise to God.
Hebrews 8 speaks of the Old and New Covenants. God is a covenant maker, not a covenant breaker. God does not change even when we break covenant with Him. If we break covenant with God He still keeps Covenant – God is merciful. He forgives our sins.
All sins are not covenant breakers. If we sin out of error, we have broken an ordinance but have not broken the covenant. He’s still my Lord. To break covenant we must reject the promises of God – the foundation of covenant is promises. We reject God’s character, person, Word, relationship, honesty, and dedication. The covenant is eternal.
Moses was given the Commandments. Moses went up on the mountain to receive the Commandments, and on his way down, God stops Moses, letting Moses know the Israelites have made a altar (golden calf) not to God. God says I was their God, I’ve made promises. They’ve broken their promises to me with this calf god. God tells Moses that He (God) is going to stir up his anger and kill them. Moses intercedes for the people.
God is not covenant breaking if we walk out of covenant. We are outside the protection of God and become His enemy. The covenant remains, but we are outside of the covenant by our choice.
Jesus comes along. Jesus is in covenant, sealed, signed, the covenant of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He is believing and standing on the promises. Jesus is the only one who perfectly keeps the covenant. If we break one law of the covenant it is as if we have broken them all. We can’t keep part of the promise and dismiss the rest. We must keep all. Only Jesus was able to perfectly keep the covenant.
It is like being in a marriage relationship and the husband says I’ll keep every promise I’ve made you but one. I’m not going to stay faithful, I’m going to sleep around – but I’ll supply your financial needs.
Pastor Don said that a covenant is a God season, not a man season. It is until death do us part.
There is a covenant in Heaven – we will be in a marriage as the Bride of Christ. Our earthly emotions and thoughts we will forget in Heaven. It is a different plan when we get to Heaven. Eternity and Heaven transcend over our carnal mind, emotions, and thinking. We will be different in our eternal experience. Our human experience is not like the Heavenly. We will not have willful disobedience – we will just obey God. The covenant with an eternal God is eternal. On earth, our will is secondary to the will of God.
Do we have or do we not have a covenant with Eternal God?
Paul tells us that keeping the law is a tutor to teach us how to get along and obey God in all things. We want to walk in the promise of God and the eternal covenant with God.
Pastor Don had us say, I receive God is sovereign and I promise to stay in the Covenant.”
Hebrews 8:6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promise
Jesus has obtained a better covenant. The Old Covenant is delineated in Deuteronomy Chapters 28-32. God makes promises that, if we obey Him, we will not have the diseases that plagued Egypt come upon us – if we disobey, we will have those diseases.
We will be in covenant on earth and eternity forever. The covenant is sealed with the blood of animals until something better comes along. If we break covenant we are God’s enemy.
The blessings and curses are based on believing God’s promises.
Back to John Chapter 11. The Spirit of the Lord speaks Gospel truth to Caiaphas because Caiaphas is in covenant with God, but he violates the covenant and steps out from under the covenant.
Good righteous people come to the altar to be born again but that does not mean they have become part of the covenant. Some come to the altar because it’s a traditional thing. We don’t know – we can’t judge. We can’t read a person’s heart. Only God knows if they know and accept the promises of the covenant. Most people come to the altar based on I don’t want to go to hell.
Jesus said these are the promises under the Covenant. Many churches don’t know God’s promises for healing, deliverance, prosperity, hearing from the Spirit of God, wholeness, deliverance, and salvation of the covenant.
Jesus’ ministry tells us this is the promise of the faith, be like children. He is our healer. Many end up in the place where the promise of the covenant is not taught.
It is empowering to know what we are entitled to. What is the believer’s authority?
Hebrews 8:6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
That was a better covenant than the one promised in Deuteronomy. Communion – a new thing – a new covenant – the cup and bread. Jesus’ broken body provides for things. With the Old Covenant the Israelites sit around and wait for the mercy of God.
Jesus gives us the grace of God – we participate. We get mercy, healing, deliverance and we have the Holy Ghost. To find out more of what that entails read John Chapters 15, 16, and 17. We are lead, filled and empowered, not part of the Old Covenant. It is a better promise.
The church is divided into the Church of the Old Testament and the Church of the New Testament. People still function in the Old Testament promises even though we were given a better promise.
Hebrews 8:7-8 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second. Because finding fault with them, He says: “Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah—
Pastor Don had us say, I am grafted into the tribe of Judah for I am a praiser of the Lord.
Hebrews 8:9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they did not continue in My covenant, and I disregarded them, says the Lord.
Caiaphas’ covenant was not kept by the Israelites. He arrested the author of the New Covenant not knowing who Jesus was and why. Caiaphas violated the Old Covenant. God is God. Obey Him. Caiaphas and the other Priests and Scribes did not know who Jesus was because they were breakers of the Covenant.
Jesus establishes communion. Paul says – Body of Christ – communion is to remind us of the Covenant, the better promises that Jesus gave us with His remarkable sacrifice. We are able to boldly go in the presence of God. He restores us in both our body and mind.
1 Corinthians 11:27-30 Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body. For this reason many are weak and sick among you, and many sleep.
When we take communion we want to make sure that we don’t eat and drink to judgment of ourselves. When it says examine yourself – it is not to see if you are in sin or not, but rather if you are in FAITH. Are we acting on the promises of God? Have we lost the vision of what God did through Christ?
Isaiah 53:5 But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.
By His stripes we are healed.
As we put other things and other people before God, we mistreat the Sovereign God. If we don’t honor His Covenant, He is not required to act on our behalf (although if He chooses He can).
Jesus asked, “When I come back will I find faith on earth?” We examine ourselves to see if we have faith to believe the promises of God.
Paul says there will be a great falling away. We will be under pressure of the new world order. Our children are saved and delivered. We are not poor, for we are in a blood covenant which includes healing, deliverance and wholeness. We want to be back in the true vision of what God has done for us.
Hoping your day is blessed.