Mosaic Law and New Covenant taught by Pastor Don Moore
Notes from Bible study taught on March 22, 2013
Someone in Bible study asked the following question: Is the Christian saint as obligated as the Jew to follow the Commandments and keep the Law?
Galatians 3:13-14 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Galatians tells us that we are redeemed from the curse of the Law through Jesus Christ.
What about the Laws of Moses, the Ten Commandments, and the Mosaic Law based on the covenant? God made a deal with the Jewish Nation in Deuteronomy Chapters 28-32. These chapters speak of the blessings and curses that would come upon the people based on if they kept the Covenant or broke the Covenant. The Laws are spelled out in Leviticus and Deuteronomy.
God spoke audibly to the Children of Israel. In covenant, God said, if you serve Me, you will have blessings and be protected, your enemies will be vanquished, and you will prosper. If you don’t honor the covenant you will be cursed.
They made a blood covenant and said they would do what God wanted. Then they told Moses they wanted Moses to speak with God and bring God’s messages to the people, that they no longer wanted to hear God’s voice directly, it was too frightening for them. The people agreed to keep God’s covenant forever.
Jesus came based on the promise of that covenant. Jesus fulfilled the Jewish Covenant and raised up the Jews to bring the New Covenant to the Gentiles, not the Old Testament Covenant.
The Jews agreed to the Mosaic covenant for all their generations. Jesus said, I’ve fulfilled the Jewish Covenant, now sign a covenant to the Jews and Gentiles that was completed based on Jesus’ sacrifice commanded by the Father and fulfilled by Calvary.
Paul says the Old Covenant is a tutor to teach us to maturity so we can function under the New Covenant. The Old Covenant spells out a system of rules – do this, don’t do that. With the New Covenant, we must keep the spirit of the Old Covenant but not the letter of the law of the Old Covenant. For example, under the Old Covenant it says during a meal we should not eat meat and drink milk at the same time. The New Covenant keeps the spirit of the law saying that you can eat and drink milk at the same time if you want, but eating meat and milk at the same time is a damaging combination for the digestive system because it requires more energy to digest the two together. The mixing of protein and milk is not good. It gives you gas and polyps. Under the New Covenant we are redeemed from the curse but it still would be an expensive burden to break that law.
Pastor Don said we need to wait for teachable moments to explain the transparency of our freedom from the letter of the law to people. Because some might be offended by hard examples, Pastor Don says he uses superficial examples like milk and meat to show the principle, waiting until he is with someone in a teachable moment to show them a deeper situational truth of how this affects their personal lives.
Pastor doesn’t judge but teaches us to get out of judgment by obedience to God. Christ redeemed us from the curse. We need faith to say to the flesh that what we are doing is a futile activity and we need to be redeemed from that activity. A fleshly activity does not have the power to bind us or hold us to the sin unless we permit it. Because of Christ, the sin we are working to eliminate from our life will not prevent us from salvation.
The church preaches the sin factor. But people without faith can’t deal with the sin factor.
Pastor Don gave the example of a prisoner in a cell. The jailer unlocks the cell door. The prisoner, even though he can escape the cell, sits there. He is free, but doesn’t act on the freedom.
This is similar to what happens in the Church. Christ died and freed us from sin, but we still act as if we are bound under the sin. We wait for Jesus to come and take our challenge from us. This is unscriptural. It is not going to happen. Jesus gives us the ability. He has given us salvation and delivered us from sin. But we don’t act delivered because we don’t walk out. We don’t believe we are really redeemed.
There is an ongoing conversation between you and God, you and the flesh, you and the devil. We must choose to hear God and obey.
We can overwhelm the voice of the Spirit by listening to the other voices. We fail to realize the power of our words and the sanctification of doing. We have the best insurance policy of all Jesus paid for all our sins and that includes our mistakes, sickness, disease, and addiction.
How big is our God? When we’re cornered do we try to keep Him out? If we let God in He can redeem the situation. We want to work toward not committing sins, but if we do all we need to do is 1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. This promise is true for us if we abide in Christ.
Galatians 3:11 But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.”
The just shall live by faith.
Even the wicked live by faith – faith in their own culture, their skepticism, their doubt and unbelief. It takes great faith to be an agnostic or an atheist. It takes more faith to believe there is no God than to believe the Bible creation story. It takes faith to believe Christ died for our sins and we are free from slavery to sin and being imprisoned by our sins.
We are in a spiritual battle with people of doubt and unbelief. We can’t convince them by argument about the power of God through faith. Surveys show that 51% of Methodist ministers don’t believe Jesus died and rose again. Most challenge Scriptures.
Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.
Without faith it is impossible to please God. God rewards the faith of those who diligently seek Him.
When we witness to people we are testing, looking for people with some faith, for if they have some faith you can direct them toward the truth. If a person is locked in unbelief, it is often like casting pearls before swine. We are to cast out the seed of the Gospel and when we see it take root, focus on those where the Gospel is impacting. God can take a seed and cause it to grow in someone locked in unbelief, but we need to be about gathering in as much of the harvest as possible. The enemy will try to distract us and get us into futile arguments with unbelievers that keep us from reaching those who can be affected by the love of God.
Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”)
This statement has to be true or false. If it is false, we will be in a church constantly battling with sin. If true, we should be living on the victorious end of salvation. We only have momentary sin based on error. One who purposefully sins is openly disobeying God, and are under the curse of the law. God knows our heart and He knows our struggles to get out of sin. If we fall, when we are struggling to get freed from a sin, God picks us up and helps us to take the next step to our freedom.
If we practice verse 13, then our focus is no longer on sin, but rather on abiding with Christ.
How can I help you abide and help me abide? It isn’t WWJD – what would Jesus do, but rather what would I do if Jesus is standing right next to me?
Galatians 3:14 that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
You have to put faith in this. We don’t have to suffer like this. We can have control over our flesh and bodies.
2 Timothy 1:7 For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind.
Hoping your day is blessed.